Nigeria records 784 confirmed cases, 142 deaths of Lassa Fever
According to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC), 23 states have reported 142 fatalities and 784 confirmed cases of Lassa fever in less than three months.
The infections were noted starting on January 1 and continuing to the present, the NCDC stated on Tuesday via its official website.
According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), the Lassa virus causes Lassa fever, an acute viral hemorrhagic fever.
The Mastomys natalensis rodent is the virus’s natural reservoir (commonly known as the multimammate rat or the African rat).
The virus, which is transmitted by direct contact with the urine, feces, saliva, or blood of infected rats, can also be carried by other rodents.
Additionally, contact with objects, household items, and surfaces contaminated with the urine, feces, saliva, or blood of infected rats can spread the virus.
According to the report, there were 38 new confirmed cases in Epidemiological Week 11 as opposed to 70 in Week 10 of 2023.
According to the organization, the states of Edo, Ondo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Taraba, Benue, Rivers, Plateau, and Nasarawa reported cases.
According to the NCDC, 142 deaths had been reported overall from Epidemiological Week 1 to Week 11, 2023, with a Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 18.1%, which was lower than the 18.7% CFR for the same period in 2022.
According to the NCDC, 97 local government areas in 23 states had at least one confirmed case as of 2023.
According to the public health organization, 69% of all newly reported confirmed Lassa fever cases came from six states, while 71% of cases came from Ondo, Edo, and Bauchi.
According to the report, of the 71%, Ondo reported 32%, Edo, 29%, and Bauchi, 10%.
The NCDC reports that the age range most commonly impacted is 21 to 30 years, with 32 years of age as the median.
According to the report, there were 1:0.9 more men than women among confirmed cases.
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According to the agency, more suspected cases were reported than were reported for the same time period in 2022.
According to the NCDC, a healthcare professional was impacted in Week 11.
In order to coordinate response efforts at all levels, it was stated that the National Lassa Fever Multi-Partner, Multi-Sectoral Emergency Operations Centre had been activated.
According to NAN, Lassa fever can be spread from person to person through contact with an infected person’s blood, urine, feces, vomit, and other bodily fluids.
Initial symptoms of lassa fever are similar to those of other common illnesses with a fever, like malaria.
Headache, generalized weakness, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pains, chest pain, and sore throat are some additional symptoms.
The signs and symptoms of severe cases include bleeding from the mouth, nose, ears, and other body openings.
Three to 21 days pass from the time of infection to the onset of the disease’s symptoms.
The likelihood of a patient surviving is significantly increased by early diagnosis and treatment of the diseases.
this article discusses NCDC’s Lassa fever
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